Pasargadae is the first dynastic capital of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty, situated on a plain northeast of Persepolis in southwestern Iran. According to tradition, Cyrus II (the Great; reigned 559–c. 529 BCE) chose the site because it lay near the scene of his victory over Astyages the Mede (550). The name of the city may have been derived from that of the chief Persian tribe, the Pasargadae, although it is possible that the original form of the name was Parsagadeh (“Throne of Pars”).
We always wonder about the notion behind building these cities, castles, fortresses, and memorial monuments, the logic behind choosing the spots to establish exceptional structures and the reason why, they had chosen them as the capitals of their kingdoms. In addition, most striking question of all is that how on earth could they setup such robust structures with so limited equipment? What were the ideas behind writing the inscriptions they had written, who might have written those inscriptions, what was passing through their minds when they were writing and inscribing them? We are talking about an ancient city that was built by the founder of first Persian Empire, the Achaemenid Empire. The city of Pasargadae, located in the cradle of civilization.
History of Cyrus,
Cyrus, who is the first historical character titled the great, found a centralized governing system in Iranian plateau for the first time. Of the most outstanding policies he implemented, was the tolerance of different beliefs, traditions, and religions. He never forced anyone to change to conform to what he believed. Various groups of people lived in different provinces (called Satrapies) without feeling any religious or cultural discrimination.
After some major battles, he decided to build a city at the location where Astyages was defeated called Parskadeh or Pasargadae. He built a city where Achaemenian art and architecture emerged and Persian gardens were planned for the first time. Murghab plain was much greener at the time when the city was built there. A lot of gardens, flowers, and birds gave particular beauty to the city. Cyrus lived there, ruled there and was buried there after he was killed in a battle.
Tomb of Cyrus the Great,
The most important monument in Pasargadae is the small tomb of Cyrus II, located on the south-west of the city. It is a small six-storey square mausoleum leading to the sepulcher, covered with a double creeping roof. The burial chamber, 3.17 meters long, 2.11 meters wide, and 2.11 meters high, has a narrow entrance. Although there is no compelling evidence to identify the grave as that of Cyrus II, Greek historians tell us that it has been venerated throughout history by all leaders.
What makes Pasargadae a site for all times for Iranians is the undeniable fact that without Cyrus the great there couldn’t be any country called Iran and we were not here talking about our country. He has been the architect of a country by this name. He had his own plan to build a nation with his own ideals, which was not understood and Iran went through numerous difficulties that changed its destiny. His love for a powerful humane state is still revered by many and even is the reason for nostalgia in many minds.